Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Brain virtual histology with X-ray phase-contrast tomography Part II: 3D morphologies of amyloid-β plaques in Alzheimer’s disease models

Abstract : While numerous transgenic mouse strains have been produced to model the formation of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in the brain, effi cient methods for whole-brain 3D analysis of Aβ deposits have to be validated and standardized. Moreover, routine immunohistochemistry performed on brain slices precludes any shape analysis of A β plaques, or require complex procedures for serial acquisition and reconstruction. The present study shows how in-line (propagation-based) X-ray phase-contrast tomography (XPCT) combined with ethanol-induced brain sample dehydration enables hippocampus-wide detection and morphometric analysis of Aβ plaques. Performed in three distinct Alzheimer mouse strains, the proposed workflow identified differences in signal intensity and 3D shape parameters: 3xTg displayed a different type of Aβ plaques, with a larger volume and area, greater elongation, flatness and mean breadth, and more intense average signal than J20 and APP/PS1. As a label-free non-destructive technique, XPCT can be combined with standard immunohistochemistry. XPCT virtual histology could thus become instrumental in quantifying the 3D spreading and the morphological impact of seeding when studying prion-like properties of A β aggregates in animal models of Alzheimer’s disease. This is Part II of a series of two articles reporting the value of in-line XPCT for virtual histology of the brain; Part I shows how in-line XPCT enables 3D myelin mapping in the whole rodent brain and in human autopsy brain tissue.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03451419
Contributor : Fabien Chauveau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 11:04:35 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 17, 2022 - 4:34:12 PM

File

boe-13-3-1640.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Relations

Citation

Matthieu Chourrout, Margaux Roux, Carlie Boisvert, Coralie Gislard, David Legland, et al.. Brain virtual histology with X-ray phase-contrast tomography Part II: 3D morphologies of amyloid-β plaques in Alzheimer’s disease models. Biomedical optics express, Optical Society of America - OSA Publishing, 2022, 13 (3), pp.1640-1653. ⟨10.1364/BOE.438890⟩. ⟨hal-03451419v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

104

Files downloads

25