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Introduction of metal-oxo nanostructures associated with ionic liquids for the design of multi-functional polymer materials

Abstract : In recent years, significant advancement in the synthesis, characterization and association with different types of polymers, thermoplastics or reactive (thermosetting) systems of ionic liquids with tunable nature (ammonium, imidazolium, and phosphonium) open up new perspectives in the field of polymers, in particular in one of epoxy networks. It has been shown that ionic liquids (ILs) could contribute to host polymers as they can act as nanostructuring agents, interfacial agents of nanofillers (ionic exchanges with lamellar silicates or grafted onto silica nanofillers), or even as reagent intervening on the polymerization mechanism. Thus, enhanced physical behaviors (mechanical, surface, thermal resistance, etc.) which cannot be obtained with conventional approaches could be achieved. Furthermore, according to numerous studies, it has also been shown that organic-inorganic (O/I) objects such as metal-oxo clusters of the POSS® (PolyOligomericSilsexqioxanes) could be incorporated into polymers. In particular, in networks based on epoxy or methacryate, POSS® could act as co-monomer and/or self-assemble as O/I nanostructures in order to confer specific functionalities. This thesis work presents the preparation, characterization and modification of epoxy/amine or epoxy IL/amine by IL-modified POSS® nanoclusters. The first par of this work is dedicated to study the effect of the grafting of imidazolium ionic liquid onto POSS® carrying different organic ligands (isobutyl or phenyl) on the formation of uniform and well-dispersed POSS® nanodomains in the epoxy-amine networks. In the second part, the effect of the nanostructuration of IL-g-POSS®Ph within the epoxy/amine network on the properties, including thermal stability, surface properties, mechanical, and fire behavior will be examined. In the last section, new epoxy IL (ILM/IPD) hybrid O/I networks have been implemented. For this, diepoxyde salts (ILMs) were synthesized and then copolymerized with a diamine hardener (IPD) with or without the presence of POSS®Ph-triol or IL-g-POSS®Ph. Such routes were investigated in order to design flexible epoxy IL hybrid networks (ILM/amine/IL-g-POSS®Ph) exhibiting very interesting and multifunctional properties compared to conventional epoxy networks.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 11:25:11 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:51:28 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03400998, version 1


Houssem Chabane. Introduction of metal-oxo nanostructures associated with ionic liquids for the design of multi-functional polymer materials. Materials. Université de Lyon, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021LYSEI042⟩. ⟨tel-03400998⟩



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