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Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age

Laura Robinson 1 Jeremy Schulz 2 Hopeton S Dunn 3 Antonio A. Casilli 4, 5, 6, 7 Paola Tubaro 8, 9, 10, 11 Rod Carveth 12 Wenhong Chen 13 Julie B Wiest 14 Matías Dodel 15 Michael Stern 16 Christopher Ball 17 Kuo-Ting Huang 18 Grant Blank 19 Massimo Ragnedda 20 Hiroshi Ono 21 Bernie Hogan 19 Gustavo Mesch 15 Shelia R Cotten 16 Susan B Kretchmer 22 Timothy M Hale 17 Tomasz Drabowicz 23 Pu Yan 19 Barry Wellman 24 Molly-Gloria Harper 25 Anabel Quan-Haase 26 Aneka Khilnani 27 
Abstract : Marking the 25 th anniversary of the "digital divide," we continue our metaphor of the digital inequality stack by mapping out the rapidly evolving nature of digital inequality using a broad lens. We tackle complex, and often unseen, inequalities spawned by the platform economy, automation, big data, algorithms, cybercrime, cybersafety, gaming, emotional well-being, assistive technologies, civic engagement, and mobility. These inequalities are woven throughout the digital inequality stack in many ways including differentiated access, use, consumption, literacies, skills, and production. While many users are competent prosumers who nimbly work within different layers of the stack, very few individuals are "full stack engineers" able to create or recreate digital devices, networks, and software platforms as pure producers. This new frontier of digital inequalities further differentiates digitally skilled creators from mere users. Therefore, we document emergent forms of inequality that radically diminish individuals' agency and augment the power of technology creators, big tech, and other already powerful social actors whose dominance is increasing.
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Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz, Hopeton S Dunn, Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro, et al.. Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age. First Monday, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 2020, 25 (7), ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10844⟩. ⟨halshs-02889891⟩



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