C. Levallois-barth, Legal Challenges Facing Global Privacy Governance) The futures of privacy, Fondation Télécom, 2014.

A. Jøsang, J. Fabre, B. Hay, J. Dalziel, and S. Pope, Trust Requirements in Identity Management, Proceedings of the Australasian Information Security Workshop (AISW'05), 2005.

M. Benantar, Access Control Systems: Security, Identity Management and Trust Models, 2006.

S. Strauß and G. Aichholzer, National Electronic Identity Management: The Challenge of a citizen-centric Approach beyond Technical Design, International Journal on Ad-vances in Intelligent Systems, vol.1, issue.2, 2010.

F. Corella and K. Lewison, Privacy Postures of Authentication Technologies, The Internet Identity Workshop (IIW), 2013.

T. Martens, Electronic identity management in Estonia between market and state governance, Identity in the Information Society, pp.213-233, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s12394-010-0044-0

A. Sertifitseerimiskeskus, The Estonian ID Card and Digital Signature Concept http, 2014.

H. Leitold, A. Hollosi, and R. Posch, Security architecture of the Austrian citizen card concept, 18th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, 2002. Proceedings., pp.391-400, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/CSAC.2002.1176311

. Bsi, Technical Guidelines eID-Server Part 1: Functional Specification, BSI. https://www.bsi.bund.de/SharedDocs

A. Poller, U. Waldmann, S. Vowe, and S. Turpe, Electronic Identity Cards for User Authentication—Promise and Practice, IEEE Security & Privacy Magazine, vol.10, issue.1, pp.46-56, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/MSP.2011.148

P. Hemmer, La SuisseID, qu'est-ce que c'est? http, p.113, 2010.

A. Pfitzmann and M. Hansen, A terminology for talking about privacy by data minimization: Anonymity, 2010.

D. Slamanig, K. Stranacher, and B. Zwattendorfer, User-centric identity as a service-architecture for eIDs with selective attribute disclosure, Proceedings of the 19th ACM symposium on Access control models and technologies, SACMAT '14, 2014.
DOI : 10.1145/2613087.2613093

E. Rogers, Diffusion of innovations, 2003.

D. Hühnlein, H. Roßnagel, and J. Zibuschka, Diffusion of Federated Identity Management, pp.25-36, 2010.

. Interoperability and . Pegs, Austrian country profile IDABC -European eGouvernement Services, 2009.

S. Hofman, . M. Räckers, and J. Becker, Identifying factors of e-government acceptance ? a literature review, Thirty Third International Conference on Information Systems, pp.Or- lando, 2012.

M. Harbach, S. Fahl, M. Rieger, and M. Smith, Fraunhofer Fokus, www.fokus.fraunhofer.de 34 On the Acceptance of Privacy- Preserving Authentication Technology: The Curious Case of National Identity Cards, Jahre Onlineausweisfunktion - Lessons Learned Privacy Enhancing Technologies, pp.245-264, 2013.

C. Miltgen and D. Peyrat-guillard, Cultural and generational influences on privacy concerns: a qualitative study in seven European countries, European Journal of Information Systems, vol.43, issue.3, pp.103-125, 2014.
DOI : 10.1057/ejis.2013.17

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01116067

W. Lusoli and C. Miltgen, Young people and emerging digital services. An explora-tory survey on motivations, perceptions and acceptance of risks, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01117045