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How to Create Value(s) in the Sharing Economy: Business Models, Scalability, and Sustainability

Abstract : By organizing peer-to-peer exchanges and promoting access over ownership, the sharing economy is transforming a great variety of sectors. Enjoying fast growth, the sharing economy is an umbrella term encompassing heterogeneous initiatives that create different types of economic, environmental, or social value. This heterogeneity triggers tensions and intense disputes about the perimeter of the field. Do Airbnb and Uber belong to the sharing economy? How do we consider practices such as gifting, renting, and swapping that existed before the sharing economy boom? To sort out this complexity, we have adopted a pragmatic and grounded approach examining 27 initiatives that claim to be part of, or are perceived as emblematic of the sharing economy. We develop a typology of sharing economy business models revealing four configurations: shared infrastructure providers, commoners, mission-driven platforms, and matchmakers. Each configuration exhibits specific value-creation logics, scalability issues, sustainability impacts, and potential controversies. Our results provide guidance for sharing entrepreneurs, for established businesses that want to embrace the principles of the sharing economy, and for public actors wishing to regulate or support the field.
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Contributor : David Massé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 3:43:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 12:08:36 PM

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Aurélien Acquier, Valentina Carbone, David Massé. How to Create Value(s) in the Sharing Economy: Business Models, Scalability, and Sustainability. Technology Innovation Management Review, Talent First Network, 2019, 9 (2), pp.5-24. ⟨10.22215/timreview/1215⟩. ⟨hal-02104568⟩



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