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Drone humanitaire : état de l'art et réflexions

Résumé : Information plays a key role in the management of natural disasters and relief organization. Current light UAVs can help improve the assessment of the situation. They relieve the rescue teams of data collection tasks, which remain a long process. At the same time, these drones can take part in search operations thanks to their autonomy and their advanced detection capabilities. To achieve this vision, two challenges must be addressed. The first is to achieve sufficient autonomy for these vehicles, both in terms of navigation and detected data interpretation. The second concerns the reliability of the equipment and its robustness against accidental or malicious of origin. This paper first presents the potential of UAVs in several humanitarian scenarios, then some potential problems related to such situations. Finally, an architecture secure embedded UAV based on cryptographic protocols and specific hardware capabilities is proposed.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 13, 2019 - 4:21:32 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 9, 2022 - 11:02:01 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-02286913, version 1


Ludovic Apvrille, Tullio Tanzi, Jean-Luc Dugelay, Yves Roudier. Drone humanitaire : état de l'art et réflexions. Actes du colloque scientifique francophone "Drones et moyens légers téléporté d'observation : recherche, développement, applications : l'état de l'art", Jun 2014, Montpellier, France. ⟨hal-02286913⟩



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