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Online Influence Maximization

Abstract : Social networks are commonly used for marketing purposes. For example, free samples of a product can be given to a few influential social network users (or seed nodes), with the hope that they will convince their friends to buy it. One way to formalize this objective is through the problem of influence maximization (or IM), whose goal is to find the best seed nodes to activate under a fixed budget, so that the number of people who get influenced in the end is maximized. Solutions to IM rely on the influence probability that a user influences another one. However, this probability information may be unavailable or incomplete. In this paper, we study IM in the absence of complete information on influence probability. We call this problem Online Influence Maximization (OIM), since we learn influence probabilities at the same time we run influence campaigns. To solve OIM, we propose a multiple-trial approach, where (1) some seed nodes are selected based on existing influence information; (2) an influence campaign is started with these seed nodes; and (3) user feedback is used to update influence information. We adopt Explore–Exploit strategies, which can select seed nodes using either the current influence probability estimation (exploit), or the confidence bound on the estimation (explore). Any existing IM algorithm can be used in this framework. We also develop an incremental algorithm that can significantly reduce the overhead of handling user feedback information. Our experiments show that our solution is more effective than traditional IM methods on the partial information.
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Contributor : Telecomparis Hal <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 13, 2019 - 4:39:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 31, 2020 - 11:28:03 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-02287155, version 1


Siyu Lei, Silviu Maniu, Luyi Mo, Reynold Cheng, Pierre Senellart. Online Influence Maximization. KDD, Aug 2015, Sydney, Australia. pp.645-654. ⟨hal-02287155⟩



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