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Revisiting Shared Data Protection Against Key Exposure

Abstract : This paper puts a new light on secure data storage inside distributed systems. Specifically, it revisits computational secret sharing in a situation where the encryption key is exposed to an attacker. It comes with several contributions: First, it defines a security model for encryption schemes, where we ask for additional resilience against exposure of the encryption key. Precisely we ask for (1) indistinguishability of plaintexts under full ciphertext knowledge, (2) indistinguishability for an adversary who learns: the encryption key, plus all but one share of the ciphertext. (2) relaxes the "all-or-nothing" property to a more realistic setting, where the ciphertext is transformed into a number of shares, such that the adversary can't access one of them. (1) asks that, unless the user's key is disclosed, noone else than the user can retrieve information about the plaintext. Second, it introduces a new computationally secure encryption-then-sharing scheme, that protects the data in the previously defined attacker model. It consists in data encryption followed by a linear transformation of the ciphertext, then its fragmentation into shares, along with secret sharing of the randomness used for encryption. The computational overhead in addition to data encryption is reduced by half with respect to state of the art. Third, it provides for the first time cryptographic proofs in this context of key exposure. It emphasizes that the security of our scheme relies only on a simple cryptanalysis resilience assumption for blockciphers in public key mode: indistinguishability from random, of the sequence of diferentials of a random value. Fourth, it provides an alternative scheme relying on the more theoretical random permutation model. It consists in encrypting with sponge functions in duplex mode then, as before, secret-sharing the randomness.
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https://hal.telecom-paris.fr/hal-03024707
Contributor : Matthieu Rambaud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 11:15:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 4:52:37 PM

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Katarzyna Kapusta, Gerard Memmi, Matthieu Rambaud. Revisiting Shared Data Protection Against Key Exposure. AsiaCCS, Sep 2020, taipei, Taiwan. ⟨10.1145/3320269.3372198⟩. ⟨hal-03024707⟩

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